"The Martian Chronicles" by Ray Bradbury

“The Martian Chronicles” by Ray Bradbury

I have no idea that reading power brought me to Mars. The fingers of one hand are enough to count the science fiction books I’ve read. In his widely read the post I chose to stick to the present and the past. Meanwhile I reached after ray Bradbury Potter’s “Martian Chronicles” – after all, it’s a Western literature classic. I went from the assumption that, contrary to the resistance to the genre should know. Well, I didn’t think The” Martian Chronicles ” with each story, BA, on each side, would please me more and more.

“The Martian Chronicles” is a short story Ray Bradbury that was first published in 1950.

"The Martian Chronicles" is a short story Ray Bradbury that was first published in 1950.Everything that happens between Mars and Earth for about thirty years (1999-2026). Technology has gone ahead, a rocket has been built, you can capture the entire space, so why not? These expeditions they go to Mars. Contrary to expectations, Humans have not met the enthusiastic natives. Also do not know how to find myself in a completely different reality, not able to understand it. Science hasn’t explained everything yet. Some of the pioneers-endowed with great sensitivity-they know that the RAID on Mars has become associated with the destruction of a culture that boasts several centuries of existence. Here is an excerpt from the story about the fate of the fourth expedition to Mars. That’s what one of the members of the expedition, the Spender, thinks:

“On the first night on Mars should not make noise, to announce his alien, meaningless brilliance of the furnace. That would be almost blasphemy. Later there will be a time of heating, the time for throwing cans of milk drained into the depths of the proud Martian canals, the time on page “new York times”, fluttering in the breeze and rustled at the bottom of the lone gray Martian seas, time for skins from bananas and candy wrappers after spices, a delicate żłobkowanych among the ruins of ancient Martian cities. Plenty of time. This thought led to the, that waver in a spirit of “.

Spender and the captain will be held this conversation:

“- We will not destroy Mars, – the captain protested. – Too big and too beautiful.
– You think so? We earth men have a talent to destroy the great beautiful things. This is why we have not placed hot dogs in the middle of the Egyptian temple in Karnak that it lies aside and it does not attract traders. In addition, Egypt is only a small part of the Earth. Here, however, the whole world is old and strange, and we must settle down somewhere and start spoiling everything. The channel will be called Rockefeller, the mountain-king George, the sea-DuPont; we also baptize the city names Lincoln, Roosevelt and Coolidge, and nothing will be as it should be, because these places have their correct names “.

It’s a novel woven from wonderful stories.

It's a novel woven from wonderful stories.But as a result of dramatic circumstances, the colonization of Mars becomes possible, which is why the inhabitants are in danger of a nuclear war on Earth (a reflection of the real fears of Americans in the 50s.) ordinary use. Ray Bradbury describes the settlement of the planet.

Mars is in the “new beautiful world”. Everything is exciting, presents new opportunities. However, soon the researchers of this world will become residents, cover the Martian ruins of their buildings, install phones and open hot dogs. The fourth planet will be the third. Encounters with an alien civilization will not always be peaceful “The Martian Chronicles” by Ray Bradbury. Meanwhile, the Earth will become an analogue of Mars, so far away that to the non-existent-and only the growing threat of war, makes the colonists remember the roots. Bradbury describes it with great attention.

I was amazed by the variety of these stories, their depth seduced and amazed, and the pronunciation scared me. I expected an excess of technology, a representation of a fictional world in which the existence-at least on the cards of the novel-do not believe. I received for this book, in which I easily found myself. Bradbury played it wisely. Space is just a relay race. Each of these stories carries a message-always far from moralizing. This is a vivid protest against colonization (but without the black-and-white division into bad Earthlings and good, peaceful Martians).

How will the colonization of Mars end?

How will the colonization of Mars end?Critical phenomena of America, thoughtlessly seized for themselves foreign lands, without respect for culture, because in the end what’s the difference if you can earn. Some maps of the” Martian Chronicles ” resemble a horror film, and other stories could be qualified within the limits of psychological prose (in the science fiction version) by treating alone, niezrozumieniu, to cope with grief. I’m sure some were inspired by Stephen king. Bradbury himself a few years after writing ” Chronicles…”will develop the story” Usher II “in his most famous novel”451º Fahrenheit”. And it was all written in amazingly beautiful language. Here is a description of a burning house with the penultimate of the stories:

In the tenth house began to die. (…) The house is still trying to save. The door slammed shut dull, but the Windows have deviated from the heat and, once inside, the wind lit the fire. The house receded; the fire by moving forward orsaka billion angry sparks, raked another room. Soon he reached the stairs and went upstairs. Meanwhile, from the walls jumped out of the herd of water rats, who shot his load and dissent after another portion. From sprinklers in suspended flowed river streams of mechanical rain. It’s too late, though. Somewhere in the depths of the house one of the pumps gnashed and froze. The rain stopped. The spare water tank, which for many days filled the bath, wash dishes, exhausted itself in the end. The fire ran down the stairs, devouring hangs in the lobby of Picasso and Matisse as the biggest treats, toasting oily flesh, gently pulling out of the canvas black crispy gills.

The Martian Chronicles is one of the best books I’ve read this year. And, of course, the one that she made me in the greatest amazement. I didn’t think I’d enjoy a science fiction novel. Well, I wish you many such discoveries next year!

Like its cursed hero, Stephen King’s Elevation is bizarrely thin

Like its cursed hero, Stephen King’s Elevation is bizarrely thin

Reading the new king is a malicious act for the reader because it causes a persistent, indelible sense of inadequacy and nothingness. What the writer presents to us in” exaltation “ is just a faint sketch of one of the successive monumental, typical king novels, which lacked neither idea nor zeal.

Nonsense joke.

Nonsense joke.Basically, looking back at the totality of the creativity of the American writer, “Rise” seems to be a joke that was released to the publishing market. This novel is hardly even a story. King got used to his stories, tedious, very lengthy introductions to the plot the right one-which, after all, we all love, and which occur not only in full-scale novels, but also in stories reprinted in collections.

In the “Exaltation”, which is shorter than the one in response, introducing gawęda, king immediately, without further ADO, goes to business. And it’s not that the changes that the author presents in his latest book seem strange to me, which causes my discomfort, and so I consider a negative phenomenon. Two things surprise me: the surprisingly low level of this text, as well as the fact of the release of this short form to the market in the form of a separate, independent existence.

“Rise” can be an addition to a full-scale novel, as a context, recognition, surprise; or be reprinted, more like a curiosity than a full-fledged the narrative, in another collection of short stories. Intentionally write “interesting fact”, as for fans of the King” Rise ” will be disappointing, but, nevertheless, a novelty. I was surprised how ridiculous the story was. To say that this book is about anything, to say nothing-it is a text that is ashamed to put in the box. Especially for someone like king.


Disappearance“Rise” is a story about a man in his Prime, who notes a pathological disease: suddenly begins to lose weight dramatically. However, this is not a repetition of “Chudszego”, the main character, Scott Carey, does not suffer from any disease, what is more-about weight loss learns only after stanięciu weight, his body is not subject to any changes, health does not change. Like its cursed hero, Stephen King’s Elevation is bizarrely thin. The new situation does not particularly affect Scott’s life, on the contrary — never felt better. The main character decides to put up with slow… disappearance?

King once again introduces us to the well-known universe of the town of castle Rock, where the most ridiculous things happen (if we stopniować absurdity). Absurd as sudden weight loss with no visible bodily changes not caused by disease; or the burning hostility of residents to local lesbian marriage, whose financial problems are caused only by intolerance and hostility of neighbors. The king in this book addresses the issue of homosexuality, how a non-heteronormative relationship (especially legalized) is perceived and handled by a seemingly open and tolerant American society. “Rise” is some scheme, which, it would seem, has long been eliminated.

According to local residents of castle Rock, the marriage of two women is a phenomenon of the disease that should not exist, and if it has already happened, it should remain a secret. This “pathology” is represented as the neighbors of the protagonist, who are the owners of local restaurants, enjoying great food and poor attendance, caused solely by their mutual relationship. The king in the”elevation” does not fight intolerance, but only signals about it, notes its continuation. Unfortunately, the orientation of the thread ends with a list of important, good aspects of this book.

Little King

Little KingIt’s hard for me to write that “rise” is “king at its worst” because king isn’t in that book too much. That’s right, the universe, some heroes, and that would be the end of that enumeration. If I hadn’t known that this story made king, I would suspect its the uprising of one of the sons of the writer. But no, come back, it would be shameless on my part. “Elevation” is a dune of novels, deserts.

In this story there is nothing but important-the thread of homosexual (though not well built, suppose, however, that the main number, the main thing-the idea) and very little pomyślanej stories about the disappearance of the protagonist, which is usually a lot of major problems than what is now cease to exist. I decompose my hands helplessly. I hope “rise” is the king’s game with the reader, proving that even his weak books will be read by the crowds. Forgive the king, the King knows what he’s doing. I probably believe him, though.

Paul Bowles - American composer, translator, and author

Paul Bowles – American composer, translator, and author

There’s this famous photo from the beatniks ‘ trip to Tangier. It from left to right: Peter Orlovsky, William Burroughs, Allen Ginsberg, Alan Ansen, Gregory Corso and Ian Sommerville. Between them sits, like as is missing, an elegant, slender a man in bright suit. This Is Paul Bowles.

Bowles – no, we travel

Bowles - no, we travelOn the cover of Paul Bowles ‘ recently released autobiography without addition, we have a quote from the new York times: “Bowles has become an icon of individualism. Disappeared as biografom, as critics, although his emigrant life attracted equally that take his creative experiments”. Fact. Bowles is difficult to fit into any literary group, because he was not a beatnik – as some think-despite the fact that he was friends with beatniks and that his way of life (more than literature) they admired. In principle, it is difficult even to call him a writer. Early composer, journalist or poet.

Before Paul Bowles found out forever that he wanted to write his stories, he dreamed of a poetic career. As a young man, he sent poems to the international Paris literary handwriting”transition”. Debuted on its pages in the spring of 1928 with the line “Spire Song” that it remained in immense pride. There was no type of young man who, by writing, has a clear purpose and hundreds of objections to shout out to the world.

“The only desire was an expression, or perhaps more like a strong allocation of his personality by all available means; nothing else was taken into account,” he recalls. He went to art school with the intention of becoming an artist, but eventually became a composer. He was a student of Aaron Copland, wrote intimate music, also composed films and plays. One of his most famous achievements in this area is the music for tragedy “Yerma” Federico ghersi of Lorca exhibited in 1955. Bowles was also a pioneer in recording North African music-for two years he recorded for the Library of Congress.

Although music played such an important role in his life, this letter overshadowed everything else. At one point, while on the road, Bowles found himself wanting to write what he was experiencing. He started from journalistic orders for the next magazine, until finally turned to writing novels. His writing is characterized by a reporter’s style. As he himself noted, telling, wants pint, as the most impartial attitude. To this reporter’s skeleton is added what he wants, but this is the poetic part of his writing.

In writing, the most pronounced is he himself

In writing, the most pronounced is he himselfLooking at the world that inspires them, and accepting it with all his feelings in a state of full concentration. Traveling with Paul Bowles, we experience images, sounds, smells, and the following spaces become quite tangible. Interestingly, he himself had about your talent, slightly less enthusiastic phrases: “a long time Ago I came to the conclusion that the world is too complex for me to try to describe it in words; since I couldn’t understand life, I also wouldn’t be able to find any links that might be common to both me and my hypothetical reader.”

Paul Bowles was born December 10, 1910 in new York city, in Queens. He was the only child of Rena (from home Winnewisser) and Claude Dietz Bowles of. He grew up in an old, classic brownstone-style building, in a typical middle-class family from long island, with its characteristic economic status and ambitions. In material terms, childhood was comfortable, emotionally it was different. Mother was him, to be sure, closer, this she imposed his in the world literature, reading child Nathaniel Hawthorne or Edgar Allan best art on.

My father was a stern, overbearing man who had many rules, mostly meaningless. Family legend has it that he left the newborn sex on the window during a snow storm… maybe not, but Bowles believed the story and weighed it on his relationship with his parent. In “tirelessly” recalls, among other things, the memory of how my father beat him once. The description of the small Floor gripping tightly the teeth, just to not give his father satisfaction crying or screaming, resembles the character of Henry from the book “with ham at once”, which is constantly beating for “bad lawn trimmed”.

Bowles had no friends or even colleagues as a child, so he played alone. Spent a lot of time with adults: grandparents, grandmothers, friends of parents. He read a lot (from the third year) and wrote. From the existence of other children did not understand until the end of the matter, he met them only at school.

Bowles – diary over the world

Bowles - diary over the worldCarefree youth in abundance, undoubtedly, contributed to the fact that Paul Bowles loved a comfortable life. The rigid framework of childhood could sow in him the desire to communicate with people liberated from the norms and daily worries. He played in artistic and aristocratic circles of Paris, new York and all the other cities he visited. He knew artists, writers, poets, princesses, counts, millionaires. To some extent, he was impressed by this knowledge and become a member of high society.

Gertrude Stein, with whom he had been friends for many years, called him “the most dissolved, soulless and selfish young man she had ever met, and his colossal self-satisfaction prompted him to reject any borrowed values, caused him horror.” She called it”metro savage.” Bowles wasn’t the drunk wine type in the attic and hitchhiking. No, no. He lived in the best hotels, and he was always followed by several porters with numerous bags. When he stayed somewhere for longer, rented a house, cooks, maid.

Yes, he could sleep in the cold, travel on an uncomfortable ship, or compose on an old, borrowed piano. However, it has not been a book member of the Bohemians. Always well dressed, nienadużywający alcohol (although there was a time when using whiskey eliminated youth without whiskey), with marijuana, too, did not like, did not cause scandals. As an artist, he regarded as something definitely internal, not external.

He wrote: “I was convinced that the artist, who is the enemy of society, it is necessary for their own good to remain as invisible as possible, and, of course, should not catch the eye and stand out from the crowd. Somewhere in the recesses of the soul fed the assumption that art and crime are inextricably linked; the higher the art, the dotkliwsza punishment for its cultivation.” Interestingly in the form of Paul Bowles, that he, with one hand, produced impression tinted, delicate, slightly smiling human, with cigarette in mouth and reading under with the mouse, in hat, without special deviations. On the other hand, in his works jawił as a sensitive artist, an outstanding intellectual, an intelligent observer who lacks courage and bravado.

What makes Jo Nesbø the perfect crime writer?

What makes Jo Nesbø the perfect crime writer?

In the novel” cockroaches ” Joe Nesbo sends his favorite hero, police Harry Holi, to Bangkok. In the hotel Elevator Hole meets once Ty who rozpromienia on the news that a friend of his short trip is a Norwegian citizen. “I heard about your famous compatriot,” he says. – Ibsen? – it interrogates the hole. – And maybe Munch? No: pride of Norway, whose fame has reached even in Thailand, is the reserve player of Manchester United, OLE Gunnar Solskjaer.

Criminal male cases

Criminal male cases

“Cockroaches” appeared in 1998. and it looks like the world has changed a bit since then. World media again write about ” perhaps the most famous Norwegian since Ibsen and Munch.” However, they do not define it as a player, namely 52-year-old Joe Nesbo today. If only it is not called the successor to Stieg Larsson. What annoys the author of the “red throat”. Not only because in Scandinavia (as well as in many European countries, including Poland) was a bestseller and is highly appreciated by the criticism of the criminal writer, when the author of the “Millennium” no one heard what makes Jo Nesbø the perfect crime writer. Also-Bo Nesbo admits that he made his way only through one and a half volumes of Larsson’s famous trilogy.

But he understands that he is the beneficiary of his success. If the Millennium hadn’t been wiped across the ocean of trails, probably Nesbo wouldn’t have been recognized as an expert on Scandinavian violence, the prestigious new York times asked for an expert analysis of the situation in Norway after last year’s Anders Breivik coup. Or he’d sell five million copies of his Bigfoot to the United States. And not zainteresowałby this book himself Martin Scorsese, who wants to shoot a movie version.

The filmmakers have already tasted his prose. Adaptation of the penultimate novel Nesbo – ” bounty hunters”, implemented by Morten Tyldum, which was released on our screens, collected in the world rave reviews. The film is compared with the works of Tarantino and the brothers Cohen, also planned his Hollywood remake. It’s a bit paradoxical: “bounty hunters,” a novel about a corporate HeadHunter who, to meet the financial expectations of a beautiful wife, makes art theft, it’s a bit of a byproduct of writing Nesbø. Not so much the author’s favorite black detective story as an adventure novel. Yes, the scene in which the hero hides from the predator office to the ears in human feces, has a special charm. However, Nesbø fans still welcomed the “bounty hunters” with some drawback.

“Larsson Effect”. Joe Nesbo on the phenomenon of Scandinavian detectives

From success to success, the path that passed through Nesbo to writer’s fame was closed and full of paradoxes. Today he admits that he was actually sentenced to literature because he grew up between books: his mother was a librarian and his father a bibliophile. So Joe as a child tried to write stories, was the end for him is not the best. When the school asked an essay on “day in the forest”, the future author of” bounty Hunters ” – wrote opowiadanko, in which all the characters died. And the Board is concerned about the state of his psyche calling on Joe’s parents.

"Larsson Effect". Joe Nesbo on the phenomenon of Scandinavian detectives

Was born in Oslo, a boy lived then in a provincial Molde. And he began to develop other talents. With a very good result: as a 17-year-old he had a reputation as a capable player, and coached football with a clear plan: to become a football player of London “Tottenham”. And maybe even would have been a cruciate ligament injury, was, however, not cured. This was perhaps the only period in his life when he had the right to feel like a loser. From football plans went out the threads for this passion made the result insignificant degree not to take any interesting research.

In despair, he joined the army. After completing his three-year Ministry, he began to study business and management, which bore him to death. Soon he had to start the strangest assumption-in some sense a schizophrenic-period in his life. Despite his dislike for the study of Nesbo, he made a brilliant career as a stock broker and financial analyst. At the same time, was lured his comrades, began to sing, play the guitar and write texts for pop group Di Derre. And here, too, is a success.

Di Derre happened in the 90s. one of the most popular Norwegian bands. The band recorded four well-selling in the local market drive. It was quite popular that one of the publishers offered Nesbo to write a book-stories about the adventures of Di Derre during the tour. The musician promised to consider the offer and went on vacation to Australia. As he recalls, during a 30-hour flight from Oslo to Sydney, he came up with a book – so much so that it was completely different than the publisher expected. Criminal novel about a Norwegian detective who is now in Sydney is investigating.

A hero with problems

This trip was supposed to be revolutionary for Nesbø. Then I came to the conclusion that he has everything: his own house, and a rock band, excellent work and an excess of money. Returning to Norway, he quit his job and quickly wrote a novel invented on the plane. So there was a “man-bat” – literary debut Nesbø. And so was born Harry Hole-one of the most intriguing detectives in modern literature criminal. The future writer, however, doubted if the novel is to show the world.

A hero with problems

He wasn’t sure of his talent, and he knew that the local pop star would be given even the worst literary trash. So he sent the book to the publisher under a pseudonym: only when she received a confession, he revealed his identity. From that moment on, he created book after book, and even novels broke records of popularity and won more and more prestigious laurels. “Bat-man “was the” only ” crime novel of 1997. in Norway. Released three years later, “Red throat” has already received the award for the best Norwegian detective of all time, has gained popularity in Europe. I have established a written scheme modified by Nesbo in subsequent books.

This is not Larsson, because he invented the key figure in modern Scandinavian literature, to put it briefly ” ” men who hate women.” He’s done it before, Nesbo. In the “Red throat” broke the myth of the land severally allotted Nazi resistance. He told about the Norwegian soldiers fighting on the side of Hitler on the Eastern front. And their relationship with neo-Nazi neo-Nazi groups.

Not only about Nazism in the strict sense went; more about the rebirth of what once Erich Fromm called an authoritarian personality. In the first novels Nesbø she even first and last name. This is Tom Vaaler, a police officer who loves harmony and order, but shoots homeless or immigrants, using violence against women, fascinated by weapons. He is the embodiment of evil (like Breivik).

Where’s good? When in 2010. Nesbø accepted in Wroclaw the honorary Award of a large Caliber for life achievements, I asked him why he made his hero-alcoholic. He replied – you know, I’m tired of those American tough guys who pour until late at night and then like they never chase anything gangsters. I wanted the Hole to be a problem: with addiction, with a friend, with the prospect of their own complete decline.
This is precisely the Hole-in punk rock glanach, dirty, fought alcohol, drugs, full of self – doubt, but the protection of the private moral code-in this world guardian of okay, BA, public order.

This, of course, a bit, as he Nesbø. A writer who, with unusual best-selling writers, unscrupulously persuaded the publisher not to publish another Harry Hall story because it’s too weak. And that speaks to some disgust, which has, for the last stories about the detective – “stone heart” – in several scenes was too much cruelty. “I have to stop one sentence earlier,” he says. And to detox himself a bit, he starts writing another series of books-funny children’s stories.